Click on any language block to view a map of where the language is or was spoken.

Satem languagesLinksDan’s web page

An alternative view of the Indo-European language tree, copyright © by Warren Reier. Adobe Acrobat Reader required to view this chart.

This page was last updated on September 25, 2008.

Copyright © 2007 Daniel M. Short

Family tree of the Centum group of Indo-European languages

The section below provides an outline listing of all the languages described in this chart. For a complete listing of all Indo-European languages, see the Indo-European Language Family.

Languages marked with a dagger (†) are extinct. A classification of extinct means that the language has no native (i.e., first-language) speakers. It does not necessarily mean that no one can speak the language. Examples of languages that are considered extinct but still are spoken are Latin and Manx.

Languages marked with the superscriptEU are official languages of the European Union.

Major language groups are listed in alphabetical order.
No importance should be inferred from the order of the languages in the listing.

Proto-Indo-European Satem branch Osco-Umbrian Latin Catalan French Galician Italian Portuguese Provençal Romansch Romanian Spanish Romance languages Tocharian Hittite Greek Gaulish Goidelic languages Manx Irish Gaelic Scots Gaelic Brythonic languages Cornish Breton Welsh Old Norse Faroese Icelandic Norwegian Swedish Danish Gothic Flemish Afrikaans Dutch Low German Frisian (North, West) East Frisian Scots Yiddish High German Old English English